He married Minerva Fort on July 17, 1829. In numerous accounts of the Goliad Massacre, a Mexican woman, Francisca (Francita, Panchita or Pancheta) Alavez, sometimes referred to by other surnames (Alvarez or Alavesco), rescued about 20 Texan soldiers; she became known as "The Angel of Goliad. The troops barely had crossed the San Antonio River when wagons broke down, prompting the men to camp within sight of Goliad. James Walker Fannin Jr. (1804 or 1805 – March 27, 1836) was a 19th-century slave-trader and American military figure in the Texas Army and leader during the Texas Revolution of 1835–36. At the age of 19 he married María Gertrudis Flores de Abrego, She was a member of one of San Antonio's most important ranching families. Family Life. Mexican forces under General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna continued to sweep across Texas toward Fort Defiance, the presidio in Goliad that had been seized by the rebels in October 1835 at the onset of the war for independence. American war hero who was a U.S. military figure in the Texas Army and leader during the Texas Revolution from 1835 until 1836. Fannin wrote back requesting a field appointment of Brigadier General and a "post of danger". General Urrea departed Goliad, leaving command to Colonel Jose Nicolas de la Portilla. Fannin Battleground memorializes the brave soldiers who fought the Battle of Coleto Creek on this site in 1836 during the Texas War for Independence. Born January 1, 1804, Fannin was the illegitimate son of a Morgan County plantation owner, Dr. Isham Fannin. In 1834, Fannin settled at Velasco in the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas (now Texas), where he owned a plantation and was a managing partner in a slave-tr… Bowie and his men called upon Fannin for help, but were refused. To provide assistance, James W. Fannin, commander of forces at Goliad, sent two relief forces. Under the command of Bowie, Fannin fought in the Battle of Concepción on October 28, 1835. He commanded the ill-fated group of Georgia volunteers and Texans massacred at Goliad, Texas, on March 27, 1836. Recent evidence indicates that he was a second cousin of William B. Travis. As a last name Fannin was the 5,092 nd most popular name in 2010. Dec 31, 1819. A major street in downtown Shreveport, LA is named after him. Spohn was spared execution by intercession of Mexican officers. Jan 1, 1819. See more ideas about texas revolution, texas history, mexican american war. Dr. James Grant, Robert C. Morris and twelve others were killed, with prisoners taken. Fannin had difficulty leading the volunteers in his charge. Horton's men would later form Fannin's advance guard when the retreating to Victoria. He tried to institute regular army discipline, but his irregular volunteers would not accept it. But facing overwhelming odds, Fannin and his troops surrendered the next day, at the Battle of Coleto. Fannin County, Georgia is named in his honor. James Fannin surrendered (March 20, 1836, after the Battle of Coleto Creek) to superior Mexican forces under Gen. José Urrea. At Victoria, he saved two German Texans captured among Capt. Appeals from Travis at the Alamo (via James Bonham) prompted Fannin to launch a relief march of over 300 men and four pieces of artillery on 25 February 1836. James Walker Fannin, Jr. (January 1, 1804[1] – March 27, 1836) was a 19th-century U.S. military figure on the Texas Army and leader during the Texas Revolution of 1835–36. Read More. Some were killed along roads near Goliad’s historic Presidio La Bahía. [7], The Mexicans took the Texans back to Goliad, where they were held as prisoners at Fort Defiance. They defeated Texian forces at the Battle of San Patricio on February 27, where 20 were killed and prisoners were taken. When was the first name Fannin first recorded in the United States? The park betrays the site where Col Fannin, enroute to the Alamo, was captured after a defensive fight against Santa Anna's cavalry, and led back to Goliad where all 400 Texian troops were executed. [11] In addition, Colonel Garay, Father Maloney (also referred as Molloy), Urrea's wife and an unnamed girl were credited with rescuing prisoners during the Goliad Campaign. A few weeks after the fall of the Alamo, a detachment of some 330 American and Texan troops at Goliad under Col. James Fannin surrendered (March 20, 1836, after the Battle of Coleto Creek) to superior Mexican forces under Gen. José Urrea. King's men, and twenty-six of Lt. Col. William Ward's troops by claiming to need them to build boats and transport cannons across the San Antonio River. Mar 15, 2019 - Explore Shannon Funkhouser's board "Goliad" on Pinterest. #6 James Fannin Denied Help at the Alamo, Only to Suffer a Worse Fate. Ward managed to drive the small Mexican forces away and decided to stay the night to rest his men. He married Minerva Fort on July 17, 1829. "[10] Other people known to rescue some prisoners were Juan Holzinger. Colonel Fannin was the last to be executed, after seeing his men executed. Fannin needed means of transport and had sent Albert C. Horton and his men to Victoria, to bring carts and twenty yokes of oxen from army quartermaster John J. Linn, who did return around March 16. juan Nepomuceno seguin Juan Seguin survived the Alamo! He became an American folk hero and the "Bowie Knife" is named after him. Dropping out After finishing 60th out of 86, and getting into a fight, James Fannin leaves college, now … Fannin County, Georgia and Fannin County, Texas is named in his honor. Learn about James Bonham: his birthday, what he did before fame, his family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. Amon B. Pelican Pub Co. ISBN, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffa02, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qdg02, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qec01, "Sons of Dewitt Colony Texas, The Angel of Goliad", http://www.tamu.edu/ccbn/dewitt/goliadangel.htm, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/HH/fhoaa.html, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/James_Fannin?oldid=4791845. Failed expedition to support the Alamo and aftermath, Harbert Davenport and Craig H. Roell, "GOLIAD CAMPAIGN OF 1836," Handbook of Texas Online (, Craig H. Roell, "COLETO, BATTLE OF," Handbook of Texas Online (, Bradle, William R. (2007). Bowie was known as a legendary fighter; the large Bowie knife is named after him. … A major street in downtown Houston is named after him. James Fannin is married to Minerva Fort, and had 2 children. On March 14, 1836, Ward and King were attacked by Urrea and over 200 Mexican soldiers as they were about to leave. Bonham is part of the Texoma region in north Texas and south Oklahoma. He resigned from West Pointdue to poor grades, absences and tardiness. [5] On November 22, 1835, Fannin was honorably discharged from the volunteer army by Austin and began campaigning for a larger regular army for Texas. How Popular is the name Fannin? Frank W. Johnson and four other Texans were captured but later managed to escape and rejoin James Fannin's command at Goliad. He participated in the Battle of Gonzales on October 2 and urged Stephen F. Austin to send aid to Gonzales. After some delay, Fannin and his men moved out on the 28th for the more than 90 miles to San Antonio. He was a second cousin of Travis and was a messenger of the Battle of the Alamo. There are a total of 776 students and 51 teachers at James Fannin Middle School, for a student to teacher ratio of 16 to 1. "Enlist all you can.." ..." fill up your companies, and be ready for the field soon".[3]. West point James Fannin, now 15, enters the military academy of West Point. He was adopted by his maternal grandfather, James W. Walker, and reared on a plantation near Marion. After being outnumbered and surrendering to Mexican forces at the Battle of Coleto Creek, Colonel Fannin and nearly all his 344 men were executed soon afterward at Goliad, Texas, under Santa Anna's orders for all rebels to be executed. Oct 31, 2020 - Explore Carina Case's board "All About History, People,& Inventions", followed by 12207 people on Pinterest. The column traveled about six miles when Fannin ordered a halt to rest his animals. He joined the United States Military Academy at West Point in July 1819 and later worked as a merchant. His most notable success was that of the Goliad Campaign in which James Fannin's 300 soldiers were surrounded and induced to capitulate under terms but were massacred in Urrea's absence … James Walker Fannin, Jr., Texas revolutionary, was probably born on January 1, 1804, in Georgia, the son of Dr. Isham Fannin. The first of these groups numbered about 30 men under Aaron King, followed by a larger group of some 150 men under William Ward. James Fannin led the rebels massacred at Goliad in 1836. James Bonham (the city's namesake) sought the aid of James Fannin (the county's namesake) at the Battle of the Alamo. After 13 days the Alamo fell on March 6, 1836, and the garrison was wiped out. The Battle of Agua Dulce was fought on March 2. Colonel of the First Artillery, Fannin began strengthening defenses at Goliad, and sent out his captains to recruit more men for the army. Later in the month the Mexicans massacred Colonel James Fannin and more than 300 Texas prisoners at Goliad. After Col. James W. Fannin surrendered to Mexican forces, Gen. Santa Anna ordered him and his men executed in nearby Goliad, against the wishes of other Mexican commanders. James Fannin, a veteran of the siege of San Antonio and one of the only Texans with any actual military training, was in command of about 300 troops in Goliad, about 90 miles away from San Antonio. Three known survivors escaped to Houston's army, where they fought in the Battle of San Jacinto. Urrea's forces were never defeated in battle during the Texas Revolution. FUN FACTS War Hero James Fannin were born on Sunday, in a leap year, birthstone is Garnet, the seaon was Winter in the Chinese year of, it is 82 days until James Fannin next birthday. [7], The next day, Palm Sunday, March 27, 1836, Colonel Portilla had the 302 Texans marched out of Fort Defiance into three columns on the Bexar Road, San Patricio Road, and the Victoria Road, between two rows of Mexican soldiers; they were shot pointblank, and any survivors were clubbed and knifed to death. Made Lt. Fannin finally received the alert of King and Ward's defeat from, Hugh McDonald Frazer, on March 17. After fierce combat the Battle of the Alamo was won by the Mexican soldiers. How unique is the name Fannin? Battle of Coleto Creek. © FamousBirthdays.com - use subject to the information collection practices disclosed in our Privacy Policy. James "Jim" Bowie (c. 1796—March 6, 1836) was an American frontiersman, trader of enslaved people, smuggler, American Indigenous fighter, and soldier in the Texas Revolution.He was among the defenders at the Battle of the Alamo in 1836, where he perished along with all of his comrades. [4], On March 19, 1836, Fannin led the Texans on a retreat from Presidio La Bahia (which Fannin had renamed Fort Defiance)[6] and destroyed everything which they did not take with them. By September, Fannin was an active volunteer in the Texas Army. This, along with the Presidio Bahia is a must see experience to learn more about the beginnings of the Texas Independence. They had two daughters together. Transporting nine cannons and over 500 spare muskets, Fannin's forces were also heavily laden with supplies and baggage. On March 6, 1836, the Battle of the Alamo was fought, with all of the Alamo's defenders (about 187 men) being killed by Mexican forces. Fannin moved to Texas in 1834 from Georgia. King and his men confronted an advance party of General Urrea's cavalry in the Battle of Refugio; his defense failed and he withdrew to the old mission. He was known as “The Hero of Goliad” because of his contribution militarily to the Texas War for Independence against Mexico. Before the Battle of the Alamo, William Travis had sent repeated pleas for aid, but Fannin never came: he cited logistics as the cause. He resigned from West Point due to poor grades, absences and tardiness. By 1835, Fannin was becoming part of the growing Anglo-American resistance to the Mexican government in Texas. Houston ordered Colonel James W. Fannin to evacuate his 400-man force from Goliad a… Jim Bowie was a fighter in Texas Revolution who died during the defense of the Alamo. Fannin withdrew 25 miles north to Goliad and quartered his troops at Presidio La Bahia. He wrote letters seeking financial assistance and volunteers to help the Texas. After “Remember the Alamo,” the Texas Revolution’s most potent battle cry was “Remember Goliad.” A charming community on the San Antonio River now sits where, in 1836, Mexican forces executed Col. James Fannin and his men. On 12 March, Fannin sent Captain Amon Butler King and about twenty-eight men to take wagons to Refugio to help evacuate the remaining families. They had little or no food, some men were barefooted, and the oxen teams wandered off during the night. Fannin County, Texas is named in his honor; the county seat (Bonham) is named for James Bonham, who sought his aid at the Alamo. He married Minerva Fort in 1829 and they had two daughters. James Walker Fannin was born in early 1804 in Georgia. A local boy managed to get away and alerted Fannin of the skirmish. He also went home to spend time with his family. “Remember the Alamo” and “Remember Goliad” became Texas war cries. Fannin later worked with James Bowie, First Battalion, First Division, under Austin's orders to secure supplies and determine the conditions in and around Gonzales and San Antonio de Bexar. This detachment was part of Urrea's larger force of nearly 1200 men. In 1821 James Fannin moved to Columbus, Georgia to become a merchant. In 1834, Fannin settled at Velasco in the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas (now Texas), where he owned a plantation and was a managing partner in a slave-trading syndicate. When the Texas Revolution erupted in 1835, his ambition put him at the center of the action. The Mexican forces under General José de Urrea were now rapidly approaching the Texian stronghold in Goliad. James Fannin Middle School has an average proficiency test score (in mathematics and languages) of 59.5%, which is 17% lower than the Texas average. They had two daughters together. Governor James W. Robinson "..among the rise of 400 men at, and near this post, I doubt if 25 citizens of Texas can be mustered in the ranks...". [2], In early February, Fannin sailed from Velasco and landed at Copano with four companies of the Georgia Battalion, moving to join a small band of Texans at Refugio. Battle of Gonzales At about 3:00pm, Mexican cavalry appeared. Others, including Fannin, were executed inside the fort, which had been constructed He made an influence during the Texas Revolution like William B. Travis. [7], The 40 wounded men that could not walk were executed inside the fort compound. In 1821 James Fannin moved to Columbus, Georgia to become a merchant. Many of his men thought he was aloof, and several historians believe that he was an ineffective commander because of it. He was memorialized in several place names, including a military training camp. Fannin County was named for James Walker Fannin Jr. and the county seat of Bonham, ... Fannin County - Interesting Facts, Stories, Places, creek names and rivers, etc. On March 26, 1836, 19:00, Santa Anna ordered Portilla to execute the prisoners. During the siege of the Alamo, Fannin and his Army of about 400 men were only 90 miles away in Goliad. Having attended West Point, Fannin was commissioned a colonel in the Texas Regular Army and raised the Georgia Battalion, primarily volunteers from Macon and Columbus. After being outnumbered and surrendering to Mexican forces at the Battle of Coleto Creek, Colonel Fannin and nearly all his 344 men were executed soon afterward at Goliad, Texas, under Santa Anna's orders for all rebels to be executed. See more ideas about History, Interesting history, Photo. He made an influence during the Texas … He was adopted by his maternal grandfather, James W. Walker, and raised on a plantation near Marion. Age 32, he was taken by Mexican soldiers to the courtyard in front of the chapel, blindfolded, and seated in a chair (due to his leg wound from the battle). A West Point dropout, James Fannin, was made and officer and then promoted to Colonel of the Texas army. He surrendered to Mexican forces at the Battle of Coleto Creek and was executed soon after. David Crockett Fact 15: Crockett and the reinforcement troops, on March 4th managed to break through the Mexican lines and enter the Alamo. Associated With. The Texans thought they would likely be set free in a few weeks. He married Minerva Fort in 1829 and they had two daughters. Urrea wrote in his diary that he "...wished to elude these orders as far as possible without compromising my personal responsibility." James Bonham, officer of the Alamo garrison, son of James and Sophia Butler (Smith) Bonham, was born at Red Banks (present-day Saluda), Edgefield County, South Carolina, on February 20, 1807. His … He made three requests: he asked for his personal possessions to be sent to his family, to be shot in his heart and not his face, and to be given a Christian burial. In November 1835, Austin ordered Fannin and William B. Travis and about 150 men to cut off any Mexican supply party. Twenty-eight Texans escaped by feigning death and other means. The soldiers took his belongings, shot him in the face, and burned Fannin's body along with the other Texans who died that day.[8][9]. Crocket was said to be one of the men sent out to look for the men sent by James Fannin, commander of a group of Texian solders. Fannin then sent word to the men at Refugio to rendezvous with his command at Victoria. The Biographical Souvenir of Texas and the Fannin County Folks and Facts now have indexes hotlinked directly to the cited page. James Walker Fannin joined the United States Military Academy at West Point on July 1, 1819 under the name "James F. Walker". Colonel James W. Fannin's Execution at Goliad From Mr. Joseph H. Spohn's Story as published in the New York Evening Star, summer 1836, reprinted in part by a Pennsylvania Newspaper, Tuesday, 9 August 1836. Fun Facts about the name Fannin. He was adopted by his maternal grandfather, James W. Walker, and brought up on a plantation near Marion. Fannin sent Lieutenant Colonel William Ward and about 120 men to King's aid. On November 13, Houston offered Fannin the post of Inspector General to the regular army. The relief mission was a failure. He began recruiting forces and supplies for the forthcoming and confusing Matamoros campaign against the Mexican city of Matamoros, Tamaulipas. His Education Even though he didn't have much education his father was the Other dispatches were intercepted by the Centralista forces, thus informing them of Fannin's plans. [4] By January 7, 1836, the provisional government had appointed Fannin 'military agent', to answer only to the council and not Houston. January 01 Horoscope. Although Mexican law stipulated that foreign belligerents taken on Mexican soil be executed for piracy, Fannin surrendered with the understanding that his men would be…. In 1819, he entered the U. S. military academy at West Point under the name of James F. Walker, and remained for just over two years. Lebron raymone James's first name is lebron his middle name is raymone aned his last name is James What are three well-known facts about mickie James? The same day, General Houston ordered Fannin to retreat to Victoria. Sam Houston, supported by Governor Henry Smith, commissioned Fannin as a Colonel in the regular army on December 7, 1835. "Goliad: The Other Alamo". James Bonham (February 20, 1807 – March 6, 1836) was a 19th-century American soldier who died at the Battle of the Alamo during the Texas Revolution. After a fierce battle, the Mexicans lost about 100-200 killed and wounded; Texan losses were 7-9 killed and 60 wounded. At the Time. knew in advance of the trip the basic facts about James Walker Fannin, Jr. Fannin came to Texas with his wife and two daughters in 1834, and settled at Valesco. Like Johnson’s force, both of these groups were eventually killed or captured by the Mexicans. There are a total of 655 free lunch students and 59 reduced lunch students. Plácido Benavides and six others escaped to notify Fannin of the situation. On Palm Sunday 1836, Mexican troops marched a group of Texian prisoners under the command of James Fannin out of the Presidio La Bahia near Goliad. James Fannin March 27, 1836 - Fannin County, Macon, Columbus Fannin County in north Georgia is named for Georgian James Fannin, who fought in the Texas independence movement. James Walker Fannin joined the United States Military Academy at West Point on July 1, 1819 under the name "James F. Walker". Urrea wrote to Santa Anna to ask for clemency for the Texans. His defeat inspired the victory that secured Texas independence. The Texans immediately formed a hollow square with their wagons and cannons placed in each corner for defense as Gen. Urrea's forces attacked. The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Fannin is Thursday, October 21st, 1875. 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