And so, enduring to the end—to be discussed next—can also be characterized as a process of “feasting upon the words of Christ” or doing what the Holy Ghost directs us to do. 6. . (i) And there is none other way nor name given under heaven. Beginning in 2 Nephi 31:1, Nephi says that he will now make an end of his prophesying, and he can only write a few select things. 2 (2012): 4–37, for a systematic examination of baptism as taught in the Book of Mormon and of the evidences for a similar understanding in New Testament texts. . 2 Nephi 31:20 This is a great verse. 2 Nephi 31:16 Unless a Man Shall Endure to the End . 2 Nephi 2. 2 Nephi 31-33. . The second section presents the gospel or way provided by the Father and the Son, through which all individuals will receive the invitation and support they may need to be able to enter into eternal life—in effect, the standard by which the eternal welfare of every individual, whether gentile or Israelite, may be predicted. [1]. 2 Nephi 33. See Reynolds, “The Gospel According to Mormon,” 226–27. When we speak under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, we, like the angels, are speaking “the words of Christ.”. Although Nephi lived over 500 years before the birth of the Savior, yet he knew by the power of revelation that the Savior was going to be baptized. KnoWhys KnoWhys on 2 Nephi 31 KnoWhys on 2 Nephi 32 KnoWhys on 2 Nephi 33 Recommended Resources Learn about the Book of Mormon with verse by verse commentaries from renowned Book of Mormon scholars like John W. Welch and Brant A. Gardner in the ScripturePlus app. [12]. “We talk of Christ, we rejoice in Christ, we preach of Christ, we prophesy of Christ; . Helaman. Explain to students that the scriptures they have read in 2 Nephi 31 contain the essence of the everlasting gospel, which Heavenly Father established before the creation of the world. Daniel L. Belnap, Gaye Strathearn, and Stanley A. Johnson (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2011), 161–78. . The Lord’s perspective on the Book of Mormon clearly describes it as a vehicle for restoring the fulness of the gospel and the plain and precious things that have been lost from the Bible. Brigham Young University Joseph Smith concluded that "the teachers of religion of the different sects understood the same passages of scripture so differently as to destroy all confidence in settling the question by an appeal to the Bible" (Joseph Smith-History 1:12). Alma. Words of Mormon. 2 Nephi 25. 2 Nephi 31:4-7 If the Lamb of God, he being holy, should have need to be baptized by water, to fulfil all righteousness, how much more need have we, being unholy, to be baptized, yea, even by water! The Restoration revelations all send us to the Book of Mormon for that. These quotations from the Father and the Son are located in 2 Nephi 31:10, 11, 12, 14, 15, and 20. 2-8. Enos. 10. Obviously not. Meaning it is possible to be confirmed into the Church and yet not have received the experience. 2 (May 2015): 218–34, presents a much more technical analysis of the same materials, written for non-LDS scholars. . However, he also incorporates his own commentary that most likely developed during his forty-plus years of reflection and teaching. , ye must bow down before him, and worship him with all your might, mind, and strength, and your whole soul” (v.29). Enos. 2 (Spring 1980): 1–18, for a detailed analysis of rhetorical structures in First Nephi. Second Nephi 31 is also the earliest comprehensive statement of the gospel message in the Book of Mormon—even though several previous passages make it clear that Lehi, Nephi, and Jacob knew the gospel—as it clearly sets forth all six elements of that message as it is recognized in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints today, including: These same six elements are included in both of the other Book of Mormon presentations of the gospel or doctrine of Christ that were given by Christ himself.[9]. Nephi powerfully emphasizes the conclusion of this key chapter by providing a sweeping assertion of its unique validity that is announced twice in parallel statements: 21 (a) And now behold, my beloved brethren, this is the way. Nephi indicates that he feels compelled to address the doctrine of Christ before concluding his portion of the record. 2 Nephi 12. 2 Nephi 31:4-7 If the Lamb of God, he being holy, should have need to be baptized by water, to fulfil all righteousness, how much more need have we, being unholy, to … 2 Nephi 15:1-2 A winepress (Illustration): An ancient winepress. 28–29, 34). At this point they are “in this straight[16] and narrow path which leads to eternal life.” The image of a path introduced here not only informs Nephi’s presentation of the gospel, but is also used repeatedly by his successors. 2 Nephi 33. There, individuals trod on the grapes so that the juice flowed into a vat, where it was gathered into containers. The second section of Nephi’s final sermon, the focus of this essay, is also marked off as an inclusio by Nephi’s two references to “the doctrine of Christ” (2 Nephi 31:2 and 21). Is it not the case that this chapter states more clearly than any other the conditions and choices by which the long-term future of every human being will be determined? It constitutes the second part of Nephi’s final sermon, the three sections of which are formally delimited as inclusios. 31:45 Teaching Tip on the Doctrine of Christ. 2 Nephi 8. See Reynolds, “The Gospel of Jesus Christ as Taught by the Nephite Prophets,” 43–6, for a more developed explanation of merismus. 22:16 2 Nephi 31: 2–3, and 5. 2 Nephi 5. But Nephi will prophesy (1) “according to the spirit which is in me”[11] and (2) “according to the plainness which hath been with me” (2 Nephi 25:4). Baptism is not a washing away of sins, but constitutes a person’s witness to the Father that he has repented of those sins and will keep his commandments. First, the Holy Ghost enables its recipients to “speak with a new tongue—yea, even with the tongue of angels” (v. 14). According to Larry Dahl, the doctrine of Christ as explained by Nephi in 2 Nephi includes the following elements: 1. This integrated view is presented as a prophecy about Jesus Christ and his importance for the Nephites, for all Israel, and for the nations of the world. In this essay, I hope to demonstrate how foundational 2 Nephi 31 was for all Book of Mormon writers and how important this passage of scripture is for understanding Christ’s gospel in this last dispensation for a wide range of readers. 2 (Fall 1996): 26–56, for a basic survey of how each of these six gospel principles is developed and used by writers throughout the Book of Mormon. Jacob. . For a more detailed discussion of this passage and its implications, ee Reynolds, “This Is the Way,” 79–91. 3 (2013): 82–83. If we assume that Christ was just going through the motions to provide us with an example of what we must do, we miss the essence of repentance and baptism as these were taught to Nephi. The only known passage in ancient or modern scripture where the Father and the Son personally teach a prophet their gospel is found in 2 Nephi 31. to receive the spirit of God, or to be permitted to stand in the presence of God, man must undergo baptism" (Vol 2, page 499). He Humbleth Himself Before the Father – 2 Nephi 31:5-7 (6/14/2016) All Things What Ye Should Do – 2 Nephi 31:1-3 (1/17/2016) The Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost Are One – 3 Nephi 11:27, 2 Nephi 31:27 (1/3/2016) Ye Must Press Forward – 2 Nephi 31:19-20 (3/23/2015) The Straitness of the Path – 2 Nephi 31:9 (3/22/2015) Chapter 32 [21] No other prophet claims to have been taught the basic elements of the gospel by the Father. [30]. See Noel B. Reynolds and Royal Skousen, “Was the Path Nephi Saw ‘Strait and Narrow’ or ‘Straight and Narrow?’” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 10, no. “I shall prophesy according to the plainness”, “According to the plainness of my prophesying”, “A few words . . 2 Nephi 7. For the baptism, each candidate was taken to "a pool, in which he stood up to his neck in water, while the great commandments of the Law were recited to him. Again we are referred back to Nephi’s great vision in which he was shown that after the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, when the Bible first went forth from the Jews to the Gentiles, “it contained the fullness of the gospel of the Lamb” (1 Nephi 13:24). . Nephi was the fourth of six sons of Lehi and Sariah.He is believed to have been born in 615 BC. . The essential elements of repentance are (1) humbling oneself before the Father, and (2) covenanting to obey him forever after. . Other evidence exists, in the scriptures and elsewhere, that baptism was also performed by other groups before the birth of Christ. The Pharisees were very quick to criticize the Savior whenever He did anything which was contrary to their law. Rather than proceeding directly to a presentation of the basic gospel elements, Nephi begins with a question—why did the sinless Lamb of God need to be baptized in order “to fulfill all righteousness”? Receiving "the baptism of fire and of the Holy Ghost." For example, the prophecies of the coming of “the Only Begotten of the Father” in six hundred years, his crucifixion and resurrection, the scattering of the Jews among all nations, and the latter-day bringing forth of his words so that all may be judged fairly in 2 Nephi 25:12–19, all go back to their early vision (“for I have seen his day,” v. 13, see 1 Nephi 11:32–33). Latter-day Saint discourse has long privileged the requirement of faith in Jesus Christ as the first principle of the gospel. At no point in this chapter does Nephi simply list out the six gospel elements that he is presenting—as a modern writer would certainly do. As Nephi later realizes he needs to explain, this means that they can “speak the words of Christ” as they “speak by the power of the Holy Ghost,” even as angels speak (32:3). A path is meant to be followed. 2 Nephi 12. Readers may notice some differences of spelling, punctuation, or even wording in quotations as I am using Royal Skousen, ed., The Book of Mormon: The Earliest Text (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009), which provides the most accurate Book of Mormon text now available. Nephi quotes each one of them three times! This rhetorical technique of using selected items from a known list to invoke the whole complex or list in the mind of a reader is the literary device called merismus and is commonly used in the Bible. See Reynolds, “The Gospel of Jesus Christ as Taught by the Nephite Prophets,” 31–50, where cumulative analysis was first used implicitly to understand this passage and Reynolds, “The Gospel According to Mormon,” 218–34, for a complete and revised technical analysis. The, indicates that baptism was a common practice in ancient Israel: "baptism was practiced in ancient Judaism (Hasidic or Essene), first as a means of penitence . 1166-1167]. 2 Nephi 11. In total, there are seven passages in Nephi’s record where the terms “path” and “way” are used conjointly, referring to this same thing—two occur in the Isaiah chapters (1 Nephi 8:23, 10:8; 2 Nephi 4:33, 9:41, 12:3, 13:12, 31:18). (See 2 Nephi 31:2-3) And now, behold, this is the doctrine of Christ, and the only and true doctrine of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, which is one God, without end.” (2 Nephi 31:21) Let’s go through this carefully so that we all know and understand the doctrine of Christ. While the negative consequences of this event are well known, the subsequent revelation that came to Joseph Smith seems to suggest that these happenings actually created the opportunity to include Nephi’s account of the gospel into the combination version of the Nephite record that Joseph would be publishing. 2 Nephi 7 [JST of Isaiah 50 . But the earliest, most comprehensive, and least recognized teaching of the gospel of Christ in the Book of Mormon by the Savior himself is reported by Lehi’s son Nephi[2] in the form of a brief appendix to his second book.[3]. Alma. This rule was, of course, also preserved in the temple at Jerusalem" (Vol. [W. Cleon Skousen, Treasures from the Book of Mormon, Vol. Nephi further characterizes the process of enduring to the end in terms that give new meaning to the New Testament formula of faith, hope, and charity. Grant Building . The example of Christ's "high-priestly prayer," quoted in part above, should be ample evidence of this fact. But it lieth in a straight course before him. Female candidates were baptized and then they offered a sacrifice. you and I shall stand face to face before his bar. [18] For example, Mark 16:16 quotes Jesus’s statement of his gospel to his disciples as follows: “He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved.” This and other similar passages are often used to argue that all that is required for salvation is faith in Christ, or faith and baptism. A male candidate was first circumcised. 28:51 Doctrine of Christ Part 5: Endure to the End. (Joseph Smith, in TPJS 370). Quoting Joseph Smith, "I have always declared [that] . Mosiah. Indeed, chapters 31, 32, and 33 are relatively short, only 45 verses in total. 2 Nephi 31 - On Baptism It reads like a rousing frontier revival sermon preached by Nephi in 550 BC, urging the faithful listener or reader to commit themselves to baptism. See Reynolds, “The Fifth Principle of the Gospel,” 117–27. . Female candidates were baptized and then they offered a sacrifice. While these chapters do contain some commentary on the prophecies of Isaiah, we soon notice that their principal content is based largely on what Nephi (and Lehi) had learned in that great vision given at the first camp in the wilderness. See Noel B. Reynolds, “Understanding Christian Baptism through the Book of Mormon,” BYU Studies 51, no. . Another advantage of the essay approach is that it frees me from the scholarly requirement of documenting the connections between my assertions and the writings of others. And the unity of the Father and the Son in their teaching is evident, just as their separate individuality as divine beings is explicit. which necessarily includes a discussion of the influence of and the balance between God's grace and man's works . . . But in the preceding sentence, “these things” refers directly to the mercy the Lord has shown “unto the children of men, from the creation of Adam” down to the present time (Moroni 10:3)—a mercy most obviously identified with the gospel of Jesus Christ, which teaches all mankind how to repent and receive eternal life, through the power of his atonement. Nephi taught that following the Savior’s example and teachings are the only way to “be saved in the kingdom of God” (2 Nephi 31:21). 1) Elder Jeffrey R. Holland explained the meaning of “the doctrine of Christ” as used in 2 Nephi 31: “Although a phrase like ‘the doctrine of Christ’ could appropriately be used to describe any or all of the Master’s teachings, nevertheless those magnificently broad and beautiful expressions spread throughout the Book of Mormon, New Testament, and latter-day … 2 Nephi 10. 26:29 Emily’s story on Revelation + Humility. [21]. 2 Nephi 6. But, Nephi was informed, the Lord will also manifest himself unto the Nephite prophets who would “write many things which I shall minister unto them, which shall be plain and precious”—writings which will feature “my gospel . 2 Nephi 9. 2. Concerning the mode of baptism, the. 1, pp. 3 Nephi. 2 Nephi 29. Recognizing that there is a six-element formula that defines the gospel of Jesus Christ helps us to see another important rhetorical feature of this passage. The repeated emphasis on “plainness” in these passages will now be examined to show how these references play an important role in Nephi’s framing of that text. . This long first section includes the original chapters 11 and 12 from the 1830 edition—chapter divisions that were made by Nephi and that come to modern-day readers directly from the original translation. Words of Mormon. “For this cause hath the Lord God promised unto me that these things which I write shall be kept and preserved and . [Larry E. Dahl, "The Doctrine of Christ: 2 Nephi 31-32," in, The Book of Mormon: Second Nephi, The Doctrinal Structure. [8]. 2 Nephi 30. . But then two chapters later he does include Lehi’s long explanation to his sons of things that he had learned about “a prophet which should come before the Messiah to prepare the way of the Lord” (1 Nephi 10:7). A fivefold presentation. In 2 Nephi 27, Nephi adds a wealth of prophetic detail not found in Isaiah--about events that will occur thousand of years after his time. Diagram or image to help us understand the gospel let 's stress the positive today latter-day Restoration gathering! Vision because Nephi never claims to have been born in 615 BC we ’ ve entered path! Words is challenging Mormon,, pp own commentary that most likely developed during his forty-plus years of and. Emily ’ s fate quoting Joseph Smith, `` I have developed a love and for! Thou has not lied unto men, but will be 2 nephi 31 meaning considerably in Book... 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