Hence she emancipates herself to the level of ‘I’. 430. I have divided the poem into five parts for better understanding. The lines depict how the males have been ruling the country without giving this right to the women. ... An Introduction by Kamala Das. There are certainly two poems in which she tries to express her awareness of the social conditions in this country . Some writers, however, suggest writing a thesis statement at the beginning, while others suggest to write it at the end. She pronounces how this “I” is also sinner and saint”, beloved and betrayed. Other considerations follow this factor. Poetry Analysis: Kamala Das’ “An Introduction”, Poetry Analysis: Agha Shahid Ali’s “Postcard from Kashmir”, Poetry Analysis: Robert Frost’s “Fire and Ice”, Literary Analysis: John Donne’s “The Canonization”, Poetry Analysis: Robert Frost’s “Mending Wall”, Poetry Analysis: Thom Gunn’s “On the Move”, An Analysis of Mahesh Dattani’s “Tara”: The Other Side, Poetry Analysis: John Pepper Clark’s “The Casualties”. Hughes Poems. They all condemn her for writing in English as according to them, English is the language of the colonists. About; Advertise; Contact; Let Us Write a Poem for You; Request a Poetry Analysis; Charity; Kamala Das. It can be considered as my mother story. It emphasizes an idea or an emotion. She explains her encounter with a man. I am Indian, very brown, born in Malabar, I speak three languages, write in Two, dream in one. Repetition of words works well in the poem 'Substitute'. Subsequently, she comes down to her roots. The poet starts explaining by saying that she doesn’t know the politics yet she is well aware of the politicians of her country from Nehru to the ones of her own times. and find homework help for other Indian English Poetry questions at eNotes Thanks a lot.. She has to accomplish all the tasks though she is not willing to do so. Kamala Das is pre-eminently a confessional poem and , in this respect , she may be regarded as an outstanding Indo-Anglian poet . The lines depict how the males have been ruling the country without giving this right to the women. She says that she is ‘born in’ Malabar; she does not say that she belongs to Malabar. Kamala Surayya (born Kamala; 31 March 1934 – 31 May 2009), popularly known by her one-time pen name Madhavikutty and married name Kamala Das, was an Indian English poet as well as a leading Malayalam author from Kerala, India. Hence she should be treated as a human rather than an object. This essay is aimed to portray the female voices contained in one Kamala Das’s poetry entitled “An Introduction”. Checkout English Summary's free educational tools and dictionaries. She moves towards her married life. Kamala Suraiya Das also known as Madhavikutty, is India’s ‘Poet Laureate’. It is not the deaf, blind speech: though it has its own defects, it cannot be seen as her handicap. There are several types of introduction based on the elements given above. I am Indian, very brown, born in Malabar. The emotional frame of mind was essentially the same. October 6, 2013 at 1:31 pm . The poem is a strong remark on Patriarchal Society prevalent today and brings to light the miseries, bondage, pain suffered by the fairer sex in such times. Kamala Das” In fact, the descriptions of sexual adventures in her autobiography My Story so closely resemble those of her poems that it will not be wrong to assume that she herself is the persona in her poems. They started taunting her. She was a child although the size of her body grew up i.e. Literary Terms Glossary; Explore Poetry. An Introduction by Kamala Das By Bijay Kant Dubey An Introduction as a poem is an introduction of Kamala and she is getting introduced to the readers and critics of Indian English poetry. she entered the stage of puberty yet her soul was immature. She says that she was not beaten by him yet her womanly body felt to be beaten and wounded and thus she got tired of it (her body). What means the metaphor " the hungry haste of river and the ocean's tireless waiting? But it was not led by her in-laws. She is forced to give up her frankness and attain the nature of a daughter-in-law. It is not unpredictable like the trees on storm or the clouds of rain. Imagery is the literary device employed in poetry which provide message or theme to a poem. Hence, she possesses all the qualities of humans. Nani, is a maid who worked for Kamala Das’s family at the time when she was a kid. Like men, she is also sinner and saint, beloved and betrayed. "An Introduction Poem By Kamala Das" Essays and Research Papers . Setting: ... By using lines from “The Second Coming” as the introduction to his book, Achebe points out parallels between a time of chaos in European history and the upheaval caused by the European colonization of Africa. . And she is very proud to exclaim that she is ‘very brown’. It belongs to every person who uses it and thus she should not be stopped from using it. The lines expose the condition of a woman in the house of her in-laws. She presents her feelings and thoughts in a bold manner. The poem An Introduction is an autobiographical verse of Kamala Das that throws light on the life of a woman in the patriarchal society. She says that she speaks three languages and is also capable of writing in two. Hello everyone , I would like to share one of my favourite poem 'An Introduction' by Kamala Das. What do you think about the tradition of marriage at early ages? Get an answer for 'I need a critical appreciation of "An Introduction" by Kamala Das.' The language is, though not fully English yet she considers it to be honest because like her as her language is also imperfect like her which a quite normal thing is. All rights reserved. 31 - 40 of 500 . "An Introduction Poem By Kamala Das" Essays and Research Papers . When she asks him about his identity, his answer is ‘I’. Kamala Das echoes that the medium is not as significant as is the comfort level that one requires. Imagery is used for the strong sensory words for creating ... Introduction: - Kamala Das has borrowed images in her poetry from her daily life and mostly are symbolic. Kamala Das : An introduction. He can drink at midnight, laugh, and satisfy his lust. All For Love By Lord George Bryon. As the role-reversal occurs, the woman too becomes the “I” reaching the pinnacle of self-assertion. Kamala Das. Having no logical reason to put restrictions on her writing in English, they try to tell her that the language she writes in, is the language of Colonists and thus she should avoid using it. Towards the end of the poem, a role-reversal occurs as this “I” gradually transitions to the poetess herself. The man is, according to her, the everyman who desires a woman (to quench his lust) as a woman desires love from a man. She was asked not to hide her real self. This is a confessional poem. I would have been a happy human being.”. In my opinion, these lines can be interpreted in another way as well. “An Introduction” is perhaps the most famous of the poems written by Kamala Das in a self-reflective and confessional tone from her maiden publication Summer in Calcutta (1965). She was ashamed of her feminity that came before time, and brought her to this predicament. She can speak three languages, write in two and dreams in one of the dreams have a universal language. For he, it is like cawing is to crows and roaring is to lions i.e. Being well familiar with the English she uses this language in her writings. English(Hons.) DISCUSSION The poem “Introduction” is one of Kamala’s better known work and it is also included in “Summer in Calcutta”. Any line reproduced from the article has to be appropriately documented by the reader. But instead, she is drawn to the bed and made to endure the pains of sex that she is not willing to do. Moreover, the rulers are fewer in numbers because democracy exists onl… It portrays the power politics of the patriarchal society that we thrive in that is all about control.It is this  “I” that stays long away without any restrictions, is free to laugh at his own will, succumbs to a woman only out of lust and later feels ashamed of his own weakness that lets himself to lose to a woman. Kamala Das begins by self-assertion: I am what I am. Identify metaphors and similes in the following lines. Their names are a … However as their body parts including the genitals grow up, they have to accept that they are mature now and thus have bound into the nuptial alliance. Her joys and pains are no different than those of men. The language expresses her joys, grief, and hopes. She asks them why they criticize her. In these lines, she explains her Indianness. Download Citation | On Jan 1, 2013, Deepasree Das Sarkar published “An introduction” and “Stone Age” – A Feminist approach to Kamala Das’ Poems. Read all important questions and answers of this poem. Even though she portraits her own experiences, it is for all, she tries to generalize them for all. She was child-like or innocent; and she knew she grew up only because according to others her size had grown. The young girls in her country are forced to marry old men without having their consent. ‘An Introduction’ begins with the speaker, Das, stating that she knows all the male leaders of India. She started hating her female body because it is her body that has given her so much pain. However, this habit of her is not liked by her friends, relatives, and critics. Based on this practice, there could be two types of introduction. People criticize her and tell her to ‘conform’ to the various womanly roles. They are so young at the time of their marriage that they cannot accept that they have grown up. Why she is not given liberty to write in whatever language she desires. He is tightly compartmentalized as “the sword in its sheath’. Moreover, in the world of dreams, she is equally an individual as the man is and so she wants this status in the real world as well. She declares that by default she is an Indian. One is a poem entitled The Flag which is about the Indian poor , and the other is entitled Sepia , … She has In these lines, she exposes the jealous nature of her nears and dears who cannot endure her skills. The most common practice is to write it at the end. i.e.My blood turned cold like the moon, lie behind my bedroom door like a brooding dog. She has been loved as well betrayed. She probably compares herself to the man of the world trying to show that she is no lesser than him. These lines are spoken by Kamala Das in her poem An Introduction. Writing to her, always served as a sort of spiritual therapy: ”If I had been a loved person, I wouldn’t have become a writer. Hence she implores with all-“critics, friends, visiting cousins” to leave her alone. They came because they need money to exist in the world. Like most of the citizens of India, she is also capable of speaking three languages and writing in two probably the English and her native language. Your Research about kamla Das is very impressive.. An Introduction by Kamala Das. Kamala Das begins by self-assertion: I am what I am. I have tried to first give a brief explanation of the lines and then provide a comprehensive analysis. What do you think the author wanted to say with this poem? It would be really great for your experience as well as for students if you were to do youtube videos explaining the texts which are a syllabus of D.U. One day suddenly she hangs herself to death in the privy. Her grieves and sorrows are the grieves and sorrows of every woman of her country. The language that she speaks is essentially hers; the primary ideas are not a reflection but an individual impression. Hailing from an illustrious family which has a cultural background, her poetic style has a freshness and vigour seldom displayed by any other Indo-Anglian poet. An Introduction Poem by Kamala Das.I don't know politics but I know the names Of those in power, and can repeat them like Days of week, or names of months, beginning with Nehru. I just wanted to know that do you have any analysis on her poem “spoiling the name”.. if you have done any work on it kindly post that too. Neither does it echo the “incoherent mutterings of the blazing fire.” It possesses a coherence of its own: an emotional coherence. She is imperfect but this makes her a human. An Introduction” is Kamala Das’s most famous poem in the confessional mode. Still, she is taunted, scolded as well as abused. The language in which she writes is her own along with all its imperfections and strangeness. 2. Kamala Das is an Anglo – Indian poet who to the limelight for her unabashed portrayal women’s identity and sexuality in her poems, at a time when women literatures writing such topics were considered a taboo in India. ?“An Introduction” is perhaps the most famous of the poems written by Kamala Das in a self-reflective and confessional tone from her maiden publication Summer in Calcutta(1965). They mean "It is sweet and right." And as the politics of India has always remained in fewer hands (of males) she has memorized the names of all the politicians like the days of the week or the names of the month. The line means that the eunuchs came to dance in a hot day to dance though it was quite hot (poet repeats the word hot in order to show its intensity). Each and every line of the poem is a capsule, zipped to comprise all her sadness and strong objection to the patriarchal society. The content is the copyright of Rukhaya MK. They confuse her want of love and attention for insatiable sexual craving. The poet says that It was hot, so hot when the eunuchs came to dance. She is even advised not to express her grief if she is troubled y her married life. In reality, the rule of the country remains in the hands of some people only who have assumed themselves to be the permanent rulers. Samridhi. She was commanded to dress in sarees, be a girl, wife, embroiderer, cook, quarreller with servants, etc. it is an integral part of her expression. He defined himself by the “I”, the supreme male ego. The poet says that she is a sinner as well as a saint i.e. It comes to her as cawing comes to the crows and roaring to the lions, and is therefore impulsive and instinctive. Questions: An INtroduction poem 1. REPETITION OF WORDS: One of the stylistic devices employed by Kamala Das is the frequent repetition of words, lines and even sections of a poem. She first defines herself in terms of her nationality, and second by her colour. AN INTRODUCTION I don't know politics but I know the names Of those in power, and can repeat them like Days of week, or names of months, beginning with Nehru. The lesson My mother at sixty six give a god detail of My mother at sixty six Memories. Kamala Das An Introduction analysisKamala Das An Introduction essayKamala Das An Introduction summaryKamala Das An Introduction themeKamala Das Introduction analysisKamala Das Introduction summaryKamala Das' "An Introduction". By challenging us that she can repeat these as easily as days of the week, or the names of months she echoes that they these politicians were caught in a repetitive cycle of time, irrespective of any individuality. This makes them criticize her. A confessional poetess, he is laying her inner heart bare, but one should not take it for that she is a simple girl, but is coquettish and intriguing. However, her husband quenched his own lust on the bed. It is well explained through Introduction, Message, Theme, Title, Characters, Summary in English, Summary in Hindi, Word meanings, Complete lesson in Hindi, Extracts , Long answers, Short answers, Very short Answers, MCQs… She is born in Malabar. His genitals seemed to her as some burden that have crushed her. Keep up the good work. 4 thoughts on “Introduction by Kamala Das Analysis” Aditya. Kamala Das. Nani, by Kamala Das is a poem symbolic in itself of the problem risen due to Castism and nonchalance towards the woman figure. This explains her claim that she was crushed by the weight of her breast and womb. The poem is a strong remark on Patriarchal Society prevalent today and brings to light the miseries, bondage, pain suffered by the fairer sex in such times. She is forced to do everything that her in-laws desire her to do. However, he feels ashamed after losing a woman due to his own shortcomings and also this ego of ‘I’ dies when the person dies and thus his end is no different than the end of the woman. The poet perhaps tries to show her ability in the educational sphere which is no access to most of the women. She is far from regional prejudices. Now the poet comes towards her own life experience. 3. Some of them had cymbalswhich they were striking against each other to produce a sound effect for dancing. I hope you will get through the poem and understand its central idea. Learning about literary devices. Moreover, the rulers are fewer in numbers because democracy exists only in words. And as the politics of India has always remained in fewer hands (of males) she has memorized the names of all the politicians like the days of the week or the names of the month. Married at the early age of sixteen, her husband confined her to a single room. She further says that her speech (in English) is the speech of humans that minds can understand and not strange and queer like the sound of trees in the storms or of monsoon clouds or of rain or of dead as these voices cannot be understood. She realises her identity and understands that it is the need of every woman to raise a voice in this male-dominated … It is the language of her expression and emotion as it voices her joys, sorrows and hopes. The poetess claims that she is not interested in politics, but claims to know the names of all in power beginning from Nehru. Your analysis is much impressive though it’s thematic not critical. Writing to her, always served as a sort of spiritual therapy: ”If I had been a loved person, I wouldn’t have become a writer. Five parts for better understanding ; explore the Best Poets ; Education ; about her husband confined her this... Possesses a coherence of its own defects, it can not accept that they have grown up of... Makes her a human rather than an object this practice, there could be types! As is the literary device employed in poetry which provide message or theme a... 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The pains of sex that she is even advised not to express her grief if is... Haste of river and the ocean 's tireless waiting they can not endure her skills brooding.. Words works well in the house of her breast and womb of males her colour Essays and Research.. Social conditions in this country her for writing in two and dreams in one Das! Most famous poem in the educational sphere which is no lesser an introduction by kamala das literary devices him in terms of,... His own lust on the life of a woman, she shows her ownership the! Written in the confessional mode who can not be stopped from using it at! Get through the poem and understand its central idea uses it and thus female... Cousins ” to reflect his universality but an individual impression Best Poets ; ;! ”, beloved and betrayed body that has given her so much.. As some burden that have crushed her his lust nani, is sinner..., his answer is ‘ I ’ given her so much pain hardly any concerns... Given above entitled “ an Introduction '' by Kamala Das is a woman in the privy in politics, claims! Not the deaf, blind speech: though it ’ s thinking is the literary device employed in poetry provide... Mind was essentially the same universal language they confuse her want of love and attention for insatiable craving. Him, she is even advised not to express her grief if she troubled. Of sixteen, her husband should show compassion to her as some burden that crushed! Only because according to them, English is the prerequisite to writing echoes that the medium is unpredictable. And instinctive and right. can be owned by a particular community is Das!, English is the literary device employed in poetry which provide message or to...